Dry eye syndrome is caused by a chronic lack of sufficient lubrication and moisture on the surface of the eye. Consequences of dry eyes range from subtle but constant eye irritation to significant inflammation and even scarring of the front surface of the eye. One of the most common dry eye causes may be overall body dehydration.
Research has linked inadequate whole-body hydration with dry eye. Infrequent blinking may also lead to eyes that lack necessary moisture, particularly for those who use computers or play video games for extensively, since every blink assists in spreading tears across the surface of the eye. Dry eye can additionally stem from conditions in the environment such as a notably arid climate, high winds and some kinds of indoor cooling/heating systems. Allergic reactions to various plants and animals or irritants such as dust may also trigger symptoms, along with some conventional medications like antihistamines. Health conditions connected to dry eyes and mouth; recurring inflammation, particularly around the tear glands; and hormone changes that are related to thyroid problems, pregnancy and menopause.
While most people contend with dehydrated eyes from time to time, recurrent symptoms can be signs of a more serious issue, one that hinders everyday life and may lead to a dry eye syndrome diagnosis. Symptoms of chronic dry eye, which are typically apparent in both eyes, include notable redness and blurry vision. Scratchy and/or stinging sensations are commonplace, as is general eye fatigue. Another symptom is watery vision. Although, the condition often involves insufficient tears, tear glands may produce excess moisture in an attempt to hydrate the eyes.
Thankfully, there are effective treatment options if you suffer from chronic dry eye. In many cases, routine use of artificial tears and minor behavioral modifications (taking frequent breaks during computer use, for example) can significantly reduce dry eye symptoms. It can be diagnosed through a comprehensive eye examination. Testing, with emphasis on the evaluation of the quantity and quality of tears produced by the eyes. In order to make sure dry eye solutions available, a simple way to aid dry eye relief is to maintain optimal hydration in the entire body by drinking enough water every day. Since millions of Americans are already chronically dehydrated, those prone to eye dryness should make sure to exceed the general guideline, which is to drink at least an eight-ounce glass of fluid eight times daily.
Other basic steps towards prevention and relief include consciously remembering to blink more often, especially when in front of a computer or TV screen, and increasing the humidity in home and work environments with a humidifier or vaporizer. Wearing sunglasses while outside may also help to shield eyes from the drying effects of the sun and wind. Dry eye relief products include artificial tears and lubricating drops, as well as gel and ointment varieties. While these may work relatively fast, their effects are only temporary, and some feature preservatives that may cause further irritation. Those who use these products should seek out preservative-free kinds. Since gels and ointments are thicker and may cause blurred sight, they are best applied at bedtime for overnight use.