How Thyroid Cancer is Treated
Thyroid cancer comes in four forms: papillary, follicular, medullary, and anaplastic. These begin as a small lump (or nodule) on the thyroid, a gland in the neck that controls the metabolism. There are several different standard treatments for thyroid cancer, each largely dependant on the type, how advanced it is, and how large it is.
Nodules form quite often, but the vast majority of them are benign. Even when they are cancerous, most patients recover very well. One of the most common options is to surgically remove the nodule and the thyroid along with it. If the cancerous cells have spread to the lymph nodes, those come out as well. If the nodule is very small, only a part of the thyroid may need to be removed.